Anonymus 176

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire
FloruitE VIII
Dates705 (taq) / 711 (tpq)
LocationsKhazaria (residence);
TitlesKhagan of the Khazars (office)
Textual SourcesBar Hebraeus, Chronographia, tr. E. A. W. Budge, The Chronography of Abu 'l-Faraj (London, 1932; repr. Amsterdam, 1976) (history);
Nicephorus, Breviarium Historiae, ed. C. Mango, Nikephoros, Patriarch of Constantinople: Short History; prev. ed. C. de Boor Nicephori ArchiepiscopiConstantinopolitani Opuscula Historica Leipzig 1880 (history);
Theophanes Confessor, Chronographia, ed. C. de Boor, 2 vols. (Leipzig, 1883-85, repr. Hildesheim/NewYork, 1980); tr. and comm. C. Mango and R. Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor, Oxford 1997 (chronicle);
Zonaras = Ioannis Zonarae Epitome Historiarum, libri XIII-XVIII, ed. Th. Büttner-Wobst, (Bonn, 1897) (history)

Anonymus 176 was khagan of the Khazars; he received with honour the exiled emperor Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) and gave him his own sister Theodora 1 in marriage; later he allowed them to go to Phanagouria to live; he yielded to the promise of great gifts from the emperor Tiberios III (Tiberios 2) and arranged to have Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) killed, but the plot failed when a servant of his (Anonymus 181) betrayed it to Theodora 1: Theoph. AM 6196, Nic. Brev. de Boor 40-41, Mango 41-2, Zon. XIV 24. 8-10 (τῷ Χαζάρων ἀρχηγῷ Χαγάνῳ ... τὴν ἀδελφὴν αὐτοῦ ἔγημε Θεοδώραν ... μετὰ τῆς αὐτοῦ διέτριβε γυναικός). Theodora 1 went to stay with Anonymus 176 while Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) regained the throne (in 705): Theoph. AM 6196, AM 6197, Nic. Brev. de Boor 41, Mango 42 (described as father of Theodora 1). In 711 he supported the people of Cherson when they revolted from Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) and gave shelter to the rebel Philippikos 1 Bardanes: Theoph. AM 6202, Nic. Brev. de Boor 46, Mango 45. Anonymus 176 was the unnamed khagan of the Khazars (khagan malka da-Khazzaraye) who gave refuge to the exiled emperor Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1); he gave his daughter (sic) in marriage to Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) and later gave him military support when he returned to Constantinople and regained the throne: Bar Hebr., p. 105. Anonymus 176 was therefore ruler in 704/705.

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