Mauros 1

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire
FloruitE VIII
Dates710 (taq) / 711 (tpq)
PmbZ No.4914
LocationsCherson (Tauric Chersonese)
TitlesPatrikios (dignity)
Textual SourcesLeo Grammaticus, Chronographia, ed. I. Bekker (Bonn, 1842) (chronicle);
Nicephorus, Breviarium Historiae, ed. C. Mango, Nikephoros, Patriarch of Constantinople: Short History; prev. ed. C. de Boor Nicephori ArchiepiscopiConstantinopolitani Opuscula Historica Leipzig 1880 (history);
Theophanes Confessor, Chronographia, ed. C. de Boor, 2 vols. (Leipzig, 1883-85, repr. Hildesheim/NewYork, 1980); tr. and comm. C. Mango and R. Scott, The Chronicle of Theophanes Confessor, Oxford 1997 (chronicle);
Zonaras = Ioannis Zonarae Epitome Historiarum, libri XIII-XVIII, ed. Th. Büttner-Wobst, (Bonn, 1897) (history)

Mauros 1 was a patrikios: Theoph. AM 6203 (Μαῦρον τὸν πατρίκιον), Nic. Brev. dB 46, Mango 45, dB 47, Mango 45. Leo Gramm. 169. Known as the Bessian: Theoph. AM 6203 (p. 379) (Μαῦρον, τὸν πατρίκιον, τὸν Βέσσον). In 710 Mauros 1 was sent by Justinian II (Ioustinianos 1) with Stephanos 5 on the first expedition to take revenge on Cherson for the way the emperor had been treated there during his exile: Theoph. AM 6203 (p. 377), Zon. XIV 25. 12, Leo Gramm. 169. In 711 he was given command of the third punitive expedition sent by Ioustinianos 1 against Cherson: Nic. Brev. dB 46, Mango 45.58 (ἡγεῖσθαι τούτου προχειρισάμενος Μαῦρον τὸν πατρίκιον), Theoph. AM 6203 (ἀποστέλλει Μαῦρον, τὸν πατρίκιον, τὸν Βέσσον). Mauros 1 had been ordered to destroy the city and kill all the inhabitants; the arrival of a Khazar force saved the city and prevented the accomplishment of his mission and so Mauros 1, afraid to return to the emperor without accomplishing his mission, joined forces with the people of Cherson; they rejected Ioustinianos 1 and proclaimed Bardanes (i.e. Philippikos 1) as emperor: Nic. Brev. dB 46, Mango 45, Theoph. AM 6203. When Philippikos 1 overthrew Ioustinianos 1, Mauros 1 and Ioannes 9 Strouthos seized and murdered Ioustinianos 1's son, Tiberios 4; they also seized and killed Barasbakourios 1 and other high officials of Ioustinianos 1: Nic. Brev. dB 47, Mango 45, Theoph. AM 6203 (p. 380). Further, see Mango and Scott, p. 530 n. 4. See also Mauros 7 and possibly Anonymus 554.

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