Theodoros 26

Prosopography of the Byzantine Empire
FloruitM/L VII
Dates680 (taq) / 681 (tpq)
Variant NamesTheodorus;
LocationsMelitene (Armenia) (officeplace);
Melitene (Armenia);
TitlesBishop, Melitene (Armenia) (office)
Textual SourcesConstantinople, Third Council of (Sixth Ecumenical Council), ed. R. Riedinger, Concilium Universale Constantinopolitanum Tertium, ACO II.2. 1 (Berlin, 1990-1992); also cited from Mansi XI passim (conciliar)

Theodoros 26 was bishop of Melitene in Armenia Prima; he attended the Third Council of Constantinople (the Sixth Ecumenical Council) and was present at all sessions except, apparently, the seventh: Riedinger, pp. 16-823 (= Mansi XI 209-672). In the subscriptions to the statement of the faith, which condemned monotheletism, and to the Council, he is styled Θεόδωρος ἐλέει Θεοῦ ἐπίσκοπος τῆς Μελιτηνῶν μητροπόλεως τῆς πρώτης τῶν Ἀρμενίων ἐπαρχίας: Riedinger p. 782, lines 5-6, p. 823, lines 25-26, cf. p. 892, lines 19-20 (= Mansi XI 644, 672, cf. 689) (the old Latin version printed in Riedinger, p. 783, line 5 (= Mansi XI 643) gives his see as "Meliti metropoleos primae Armeniorum regionis". In the lists of those attending each session he is styled Θεοδώρου ἐπισκόπου Μελιτηνῆς: Riedinger, p. 16, line 27, p. 28, line 31, etc. (= Mansi XI 209, 220, etc.). During the debate at the eighth session he produced a document which was read out to the Council and which pointed out that none of the five previous ecumenical councils had passed judgement on the question under discussion, whether Christ had one Will or two, one Energy or two; he associated with himself as responsible for this document bishops Petros 18 of Nikomedeia, Solomon 1 of Klaneos and Antonios 2 of Hypaepa, and certain of the staff of the patriarchate, Georgios 33, Anastasios 11, Stephanos 23 and Dionysios 1 and the priests Anastasios 12 and Stephanos 17 of Antioch, and cf. Georgios 34; he named Stephanos 17 as author of the document; all except Stephanos 17 denied any knowledge of the document; however, they were all ordered to produce in due course written statements of faith: Riedinger, pp. 202-208 (= Mansi XI 340-345). They were not among the bishops present when the ninth session opened but were admitted shortly afterwards; they declared their readiness to present prepared statements on the faith at the next session: Riedinger, p. 268, line 3, p. 276, lines 7-8 (= Mansi XI 381, 385). Theodoros attended the tenth session from the beginning: Riedinger, p. 280, line 22 (= Mansi XI 389). At one point he spoke out proclaiming the high regard throughout the East for the former patriarch of Antioch, Anastasios (probably Anastasios I, 559-570, 593-599): Riedinger, p. 364, lines 21-23 (= Mansi XI 437) (cf. also Basilios 3). Then at the emperor's invitation the statements of Theodoros and the others, all identical, were presented: Riedinger, pp. 390-396 (= Mansi XI 449-455). He was among the signatories to the copy of the definition of the faith sent to the bishop of Rome, Agatho 1, signing on behalf of himself and the bishops under him: Riedinger, p. 892, lines 19-20 (= Mansi XI 689).

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